As illustrated in Figure 1, this gap began to widen beginning with the cohorts born in the mids. A collection of documents with short summaries. Everything in this article could use more summarization, not just that section. African American culture and African-American family structure Achievement gaps The achievement gap causes and possible African American students and White students in online classes tend to be greater than regular class.
While results differ depending on the instrument, estimates of the black-white gap range from slightly less than half a standard deviation to slightly more than 1 standard deviation.
Under "Teacher interactions and evaluations," I think expanding on the second view of how teachers can indirectly impact their students would be beneficial to exploring both possible views.
In addition, I added a link to the "Occupational segregation" page to your article. Larger classes allow students to fall behind without the chance for additional help from their teacher.
Similarly, some Hispanic students have difficulty getting help with their homework because there is not an English speaker at home to offer assistance.
However, it is less frequently observed[ citation needed ] that whites lag behind Asians by nearly as large a ratio.
Poverty, coupled with the environment they are raised in, can lead to shortcomings in educational achievement. As some researchers point out, minority students may feel little motivation to do well in school because they do not believe it will pay off in the form of a better job or upward social mobility.
Through the use of technology, presentations can be archived so that the material The achievement gap causes and possible be reviewed at any time.
I noticed that this talk page is currently subject to active arbitration remedies, so it is important to remain cognizant of that with regards to maintaining a neutral viewpoint and carefully citing sources. Especially because this article is being arbitrated, I would air on the side of over-citing rather than citing sparsely throughout the paragraphs.
Such expectations of a race within school systems are a form of institutional racism. Efforts to reduce the identity here achievement gap. People are not going to achieve unless they put in the effort to make it happen. Because each of the tests measured reading and math skills on a different scale, I standardized all the test scores and expressed the income achievement gap in standard deviation units Reardon, Male online learners had higher Internet self-efficacy than female, while they participated less in discussions Chang et al.
The article is 47 kB when articles are usually 30—50 kB max, so it could use some paring down. One last technique is infusing each lesson with strategies for learning. Possible cause might be the differences in socio-economic status Palmer et al. These programs are meant to help minority students learn at a more accelerated rate in order to help them catch up to their peers.
The issue is less the problems of all African Americans and other minorities, than the problems of poor African Americans and other minorities. The first explanation is that standardized IQ tests and testing procedures are culturally biased toward European-American middle class knowledge and experiences.
Some school districts have begun to address programs of extra help, etc. Debate on the origins of the racial achievement gap[ edit ] Researchers have not reached consensus about the causes of the academic achievement gap ; instead, there exists a wide range of studies that cite an array of factors, both cultural and structural, that influence student performance in school.
Gaps between cis and queer students? These schools also shared the advantage of having a leader who had a vision and stayed with it. Children of color tend to be concentrated in low-achieving, highly segregated schools.
Among those born 20—25 years later, the gap in standardized test scores was roughly 1. Despite high educational expectations, Hispanics are among the least educated group in the United States: As written, the legislation incentivizes that schools show continual improvement toward this goal otherwise known as "Adequate Yearly Progress," or AYP otherwise schools face punishments, such as sanctions.
Schools that have successfully reduced the gap There are many schools that have overcome the odds and have successfully reduced the achievement gap.
Retrieved December 15,from Closing the Achievement Gap: As a result, these children enter school with decreased word knowledge that can affect their language skills, influence their experience with books, and create different perceptions and expectations in the classroom context.
There is also some research that suggests students in lower tracks suffer from social psychological consequences of being labeled as a slower learner, which often leads children to stop trying in school.
These include their hysical needs food and shelteremotional needs intimacy, honesty, and timeand a variety of psycho-social needs need for guidance, instruction, discipline, etc…. The combination of these broad social trends has had important consequences for children's academic success.The Achievement Gap in Reading Complex Causes, Persistent Issues, Possible Solutions.
Talk:Achievement gap in the United States Jump to Create a subsection that focuses on possible causes of the gender achievement gap, including cultural, economic, and biological factors. The gender education gap is a complicated topic, and it is important for people to understand the theories about why this gap exists.
Possible causes. The achievement gap has many causes: less adequate early childhood preparation is one, along with health differences; the absence of positive peer and community influences; the lack of high quality. teachers believe would help close the achievement gap.
A survey of Black and White teachers’ perceptions of the causes and solutions to the achievement gap conducted by Uhlenberg & Brown () identified four possible solutions most frequently selected by teachers that could effectively bridge the achievement gap.
The causes of achievement gaps are multiple and complexly interrelated, and they vary from school to school, district to district, and community to community.
As a starting point, consider factors that have been identified in various studies as contributing to achievement gaps. The Achievement Gap in Reading: Complex Causes, Persistent Issues, Possible Solutions.Download